|Purpose: Since there has not been any comprehensive research conducted regarding the identification of consequences and results from consolidation project, the current research is based on the intention to analyze the consequences of implementing land consolidation project in Veleshkela, a village in Sari, Iran.
Methodology: The current study is applied in purpose and analytical in nature. The data is collected through library study and field survey. The instrument of the study is a questionnaire that its validity and reliability is confirmed by the experts’ opinions and Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.833).The statistical population is consisted of all the rice cultivators in Veleshkela, a village in Sari, Iran, whose lands are consolidated (N=300).Using the sampling table of Krejcie and Morgan, the sample was determined 169 individuals that at last the analysis of data was applied on 140 individuals by SPSS software. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics and factor analysis were used.
Finding: According to the results obtained, five factors were identified as the consequences and impacts resulting from the implementation of land consolidation in the intended areas, which are as follow: economical, environmental, social, technical, and cultural. Based on the findings, land consolidation had concrete and positive impact on individuals’ economical status. In addition, improving environmental or ecological indices is introduces as one of the findings of land consolidation. In general, the five identified factors in total specified 80.42% of the variance of the consequences of implementing the land consolidation project.
Research Limitations: Motivating and encouraging farmers to answer the research questions, has been the major challenge of the present study.
Practical implications: In line with the results of the research on the basis of positive impacts of implementing land consolidation project, especially in economical, ecological, and social, transferring experiences and justifying the benefits to the other potential or eligible areas of the project can be counted as effective measures for farmers’ adopting land consolidation projects and preparing them for these projects.
Original/value: According to the importance of the area under investigation as one of the strategic area and pilot of implementing land consolidation project and due to lack of any studies related to investigating the consequences of land consolidation project, the current study was planned and conducted. Obtained results can pave the way for the authorities in decision making and actions in future planning.