|موفقیت نشریه ماشین های کشاورزی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد به قرار گرفتن در فهرست نمایه بینالمللی Scopus|
|آرشیو نشریه های Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics -Journal of Research and Rural Planning و Journal of Cell and Molecular Research در پایگاهInternet Archive تکمیل شد|
|نمایه شدن 4 نشریه دیگر از دانشگاه فردوسی در EBSCO|
|شیوه ساخت و به روز رسانی ریسرچر پروفایل|
|شاخص های ارزیابی نشریات علمی وزارت عتف در سال 1401|
|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||12,094,255|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||7,647,772|
Biochemical and Haematological Evaluation of the Replacement of Ensiled Cassava Pulp with Cocoa Pod in the Diet of West African Dwarf Goats
|Iranian Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology|
|دوره 14، شماره 4 - شماره پیاپی 29، بهمن 2022، صفحه 1-9 اصل مقاله (374.82 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Article|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22067/ijvst.2022.76207.1135|
|Christie Oluwatosin Raimi* 1؛ Abiodun Adefunmilayo Adeloye2|
|1Department of Agricultural Technology, School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.|
|2Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.|
|This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplementing cassava pulp with cocoa pod and acacia leaf on the blood metabolites of WAD goats. Twenty-eight WAD bucks aged 5 months with the mean body weight of 7 ± 0.2 kg were used in this completely randomized experiment. The goats were randomly assigned to seven dietary treatments in different ratios of 0:60:40 (T1), 10:50:40 (T2), 20:40:40 (T3), 30:30:40 (T4), 40:20:40 (T5), 50:10:40 (T6), and 60:0:40 (T7) g/kg DM. The collected data were analyzed by the analysis of variance using SPSS. The obtained results showed that the highest PCV was obtained from treatment 1 (26.83%), followed by treatments 2 (23.40%) and 3 (22.27%). Haemoglobin concentration was the highest in treatment 1 (11.4 g/dl), followed by treatments 2 (11.15 g/dl) and 3 (10.37 g/dl). At the end of the experiment, there was a sharp decline in the PCV and haemoglobin values of the goats in treatments 5, 6, and 7. RBC values significantly (p < 0.05) decreased as the levels of cocoa pod increased. Total protein and albumin had the ranges of 7.23-5 and 3.7-2.1 g/dl, respectively and and Total protein were significantly (p < 0.05) different among the groups. The hepatic enzymes ALT, ALP, and AST were within the normal range. Our study revealed that supplementing cassava pulp with cocoa pod and acacia leaf at the combinations of 0% cocoa pod, 60% cassava pulp, and 40% acacia leaf to 20% cocoa pod, 40% cassava pulp, and 40% acacia leaf had no negative effects on the blood profile of WAD goats.|
|Cassava pulp؛ Cocoa pod؛ Acacia leaf؛ Haematology؛ Serum biochemistry؛ WAD goats|
سایر فایل های مرتبط با مقاله
1. Anya MI, Ozung PO, Igwe PA. Blood profile of west African dwarf (WAD) bucks Fed Raw and processed cocoa pod husk meal based –diets in the humid high rainforest zone of Nigeria. Global journal of pure and applied sciences .2018; 24:125-134.
2. Kim YI, Lee YH, Kim KH, Oh YK, et al. Effects of supplementing microbially-fermented spent mushroom substrates on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Hanwoo steers (a field study). Asian Australia Journal of Animal Science .2012; 25:1575–81.
3. Munier F, Hartadi H. Theobromine content in cocoa pod husk (Theobroma cacao) fermented by Aspergillus spp. in different of chop sizes and fermentation times. In Proceeding of the 2nd International Seminar on Animal Industry, Jakarta, Indonesia. Zn-SOD peroxidase activity: an EPR study. Chemical Resource Toxicology. 2012; 28:1476–83.
4. Kenneth VR. Evaluation of three Cassava varieties for tuber quality and yield. Gladstone Road Agricultural Centre, Crop Research Report. Department of Agriculture, Nassau, Bahamas. 2011.
5. Samuel I. Nutritional Evaluation of Selected Browse Plants Consumed by Small Ruminants in Northern Sudan Savannah of Nigeria. Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research. 2018; 5(1): 1-8.
6. Alexander J, Benford D, Cockburn A, Cravedi JP, Dogliotti E. Theobromine as undesirable substances in animal feed. Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Journal. 2008; 725: 1-66.
7. Olugosi OA, Agbede JO, Onibi GE, Adebayo IA, et al. Biologically upgraded cocoa pod husk: Effect on growth performance, haemato-biochemical indices and antioxidant status of broiler chickens. Journal of Food, Nutrition and Agriculture. 2020; 3: 26-32.
8. Mensa DO, Ocloo A, Nortey T, Antwi S, Okine K, et al. Nutritional value and safety of animal feed supplemented with Talaromyces verruculosus-treated cocoa pod husks. Scientific Reports. 2020; 10(1):13163.
9. Babeker EA, Elmansoury YHA. Concerning haematological profile and certain biochemical in Sudanese desert Goat. Online Journal of Animal Feed Resources. 2013; 3:80-86.
10. Aderinboye RY, Onwuka CFI, Aina ABJ, et al. Effect of dietary monensin inclusion on selected haematological parameters in West African dwarf goats. Proc. 14th Ann. Conference of the Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN) ( 619–621). Sept. 14th–17th 2009. Nigeria: LAUTECH Ogbomosho.
11. Akinmutimi AH. Evaluation of sword beans (Canavalic gladiate) as alternative feed resource for broiler chickens. Ph.D. Dissertation. Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia state. 2004.
12. Daramola JO, Adeloye AA, Fatoba TA, Soladoye AO. Haematological and biochemical parameters of West African Dwarf goats. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2005; 17(8).
13. Blood DC, Studdert VP, Gay CC. Saunders comprehensive veterinary dictionary. 3rd edn. Oxford: Elsevier. 2007.
14. Arash O, Jafari R, Nazifi S, Parker MO. Potential role for selenium in the pathophysiology of crib-biting behaviour in horses. Journal of veterinary Behaviour. 2018; 23:10-14.
15. Isikwenu JO, Udeh I, Ifie I. Haematological response, performance and economic Analysis of cockerel chicks fed enzymes supplemented brewer’s dried grains groundnut cake-based diet. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2012; 11:541-546.
16. Swati RD, Varsha DJ. Haematological parameters of Indian goats fed dried Clitoria leaves based diets. European Journal of Experimental Biology. 2014; 4(4): 73–77.
17. Addass PAA, Midau A, Babale DM. Haemato-biochemical findings of indigenous goats in Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural and Social Sciences. 2010; 6:14-16.
18. Susan AS. Beyond the food we eat: Animal Drugs in livestock production, Duke Environmental law and Policy Forum. 2015; 25:227-280.
18. Adeyina AO, Oguntoye SO, Olatunde OA, Apata DF. Comparative effects of theobromine and Cocoa Bean Shell (CBS) extract on the performance, serum constituent profile and physiological parameters in rabbits. Global Journal of Pure Applied Science. 2008; 14:253-255.
19. Tambuwal FM, Agaie BM, Bangana B. Haematological and biochemical values of apparently healthy red Sokoto goats. Proceedings of 27th Annual Conference of Nigerian Society for Animal Production, March 17-21, Akure, Nigeria. 2002; 50-53.
20. Wulandani S, Agus A, Cahyanto M, Utomo N. Effect of fermented cocoa pod supplementation on sheep rumen microbial fermentation. Journal of the Indonesia Tropical Animal Agriculture. 2014; 39(3): 167-174.
21. Konlan SP, Karikari PK, Ansah T. Productive and blood indices of dwarf rams fed a mixture of rice straw and groundnut haulm alone or supplemented with concentrates containing different levels of shea nut cake. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2012; 11:566-571.
22. Alexander J, Benford D, Cockburn A, Cravedi JP, Dogliotti E. Theobromine as undesirable substances in animal feed. Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Journal . 2008; 725: 1-66.
23. Oloche J, Ayoade JA, Oluremi OIA. Haematological and Serum Biochemical Characteristics of West African Dwarf Goats Fed Complete Diets containing Graded Levels of Sweet Orange Peel Meal AJEA. 2015; 9(1):1-5.
24. Dhanotiya SR. Text Book of Veterinary Biochemistry, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry; India. 2004; 448.
25. Ibrahim MY, Abdelatif AM, Hassan YM. Erythrocytic and leukocytic Indices and serum proteins in Sudanese Nubian goats. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science of Animal Husbandry. 2005; 44: 1-2.
26. Igwebuike JU, Anugwa FOI, Raji AO, Ehiobu NG, Ikurior SA. Nutrient digestibility, hematological and serum biochemical indices of rabbits fed graded levels of Acacia albida pods. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 2008; 3(4): 33-39.
27. Olawoye SO, Okeniyi FA, Adeloye AA, Alabi OO, Shoyombo AJ, Animashahun RA, Yousuf MB. Milk yield and composition of West African dwarf (wad) goats fed palm kernel cake supplement for conventional concentrate. ADAN Journal of Agriculture. 2020;1:173–179.
28. Al-Eissa MS, Alkahtani S. Seasonal influence on some blood and biochemical parameters of Jerboa (Jaculus jaculus) in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Resource Opinion, Animal and Veterinary Science.2011; 1(1): 51–54.
29. Schalm OW, Jain NC, Carol EJ. Veterinary Hematology 3rd edn. Lea and Febiger Publication. Philadelphia, USA. 1975;5-218.
30. Kelly WR. Veterinary clinical diagnosis. 2nd edn. Bailliere Tindall, London. 1975;266.
31. Reitman S, Frankel S. A colorimetric method for determination of serum glutamic oxaloacetic and glutamic pyruvic transaminase. Am J Clin Pathol. 1957; 28:56–63.
32. Babson AL, Greeley SJ, Coleman CM, Phillips GE. Phenolphthalein Mono-phosphate as a substrate for serum alkaline phosphatase. Clinical Chemistry .1966; 12:482-90.
33. Tietz NW. Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests. 3rd edn. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company. 1995.
34. Doumas BT, Watson WA, Biggs HG. Albumin standards and the measurement of serum albumin with bromcresol green. Clinical Acta. 1971; 31:87-96.
35. Fawcett, J. K. and Scott, J. E. A rapid and precise method for the determination of urea. Journal of Clinical Pathology 1960;13:156-159.
36. Blass KG, Thibert RJ, Lam LK. A study of the mechanism of the Jaffé reaction, ZKlin, Chemical Clinical Biochemistry. 1974; 12: 336-343.
37. Allain CC, Poon LS, Chan CS, Richmond W, Fu PC. Enzymatic determination of total serum cholesterol. Clinical Chemistry. 1974; 20: 470-475.
38. Hawk BP, Oser LB, Sammarsen HV. Practical Physiological Chemistry, Mc. Graw Hill Book Co. New York. 1954; 120-125.
39. Bauer GD. In: Clinical Laboratory Methods. 9th edition GV, CO. 11-1830 West Line Industrial, Mossouri.1982; 63146, 5111.
40. SPSS 20.0. Statistical Computer Software, SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL, USA. ISBN: 0-13-017902-7. 2014.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 552
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 1,014